Taming the Chaos of Online Testing (and Cheating)
As students take an online test, you move around the classroom to ensure they stay on task. A classroom cop, patrolling the aisles.
A student raises her hand, and you go over to help.
Silently, chaos ensues. One student pulls up a document with class notes, two others have the nerve to start an online chat. Several more students open a second tab in their browser to search the internet for answers.
You finish helping the student and return your attention to the class. All appears fine as you look across the room. But it’s not. And everyone knows it.
This is a familiar scene in classrooms across the country. While online testing has countless advantages – automatic grading, immediate feedback, a broad range of question types for assessing students – it can degenerate into a frustrating cat-and-mouse game. Students who cheat don’t get assessed properly, while those who don’t cheat feel they are on the losing end of a rigged game.
Classroom Cheating—Let’s Look at the Data
In an often-cited survey of 70,000 students from 24 high schools in the United States, researcher Donald McCabe (Rutgers University) found that 64 percent of students admitted to cheating on a test, 58 percent admitted to plagiarism and 95 percent said they participated in some form of cheating, whether it was on a test, plagiarism or copying homework.
ETS and the Ad Council corroborate these findings with annual surveys showing that cheating rates among high school students are in the 95% range.
With online testing growing at a rapid pace in high schools – and the ease in which a student can cheat on a computer -- the concern over cheating never leaves a teacher’s mind.
A Case Study in Preventing Online Cheating
Stephanie Ewald, a teacher at Fort Thomas Independent Schools in Kentucky, has firsthand experience with the challenges of overseeing students during an online test. “I tried an application that lets teachers view a thumbnail of each student’s computer screen. But this required me to monitor my screen during the entire exam,” said Stephanie. “Inevitably, I would have to step away from my computer to help a student, which would open the floodgates to cheating.”
Stephanie’s trial-and-error efforts to prevent cheating led her to LockDown Browser, a custom browser that “locks” the student’s exam environment within Schoology, their district’s learning management system. LockDown Browser prevents students from accessing other applications or going to other locations on the internet during the exam.
“The impact of LockDown Browser was immediate,” said Stephanie. “The first time we used it, students actually raised their hands to tell me they couldn’t get to other websites or access other programs on their computer – things that they weren’t supposed to be doing in the first place. Now I know that what a student submits is his or her own work.”
What Stephanie likes most about LockDown Browser is that it allows her to take advantage of the many benefits of online testing. There are a range of question types in Schoology – fill-in-the-blank, multiple choice, short answer, matching, and more – which allow students to demonstrate their knowledge in different ways.
Changing Students’ Mindset about Online Testing
Tools like LockDown Browser also help teachers set the tone and expectations of the class: learn the material, and you’ll do well on the test. If students don’t put in the effort, they quickly learn they won’t be able to look up answers during the exam.
“Students are accustomed to using the internet to watch YouTube videos, play games, and jump from site to site. But it’s important they learn that online tests are different – the rules and expectations are different,” says Stephanie. “A tool like LockDown Browser helps students with these boundaries. It’s good for everyone.”
Learn more about LockDown Browser here.
A version of this article first appeared on the Respondus blog.